University of Jordan
Chemical
Engineering Department
Chemical
Engineering Thermodynamics (2) – 0905323
Course
Information
Catalogue: ChE 0905323 – Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics (2)
Prerequisites: ChE 0905322 – Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics (1)
Semester: Spring 2008/2009
Lecture:
(Section 1) Sun, Tue 09:0010:00 ChE 103
(Section 2) Sun, Tue 13:0014:00 ChE 103
Office hours: Sun, Tue 10:0012:00 or by appointment.
Course website:
http://fetweb.ju.edu.jo/staff/che/aalmatar
Group on yahoo:
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/ChemicalEngineeringJU
Instructor
Name: Dr. Ali Khalaf Almatar
Office: ChE307
Tel.: 5355000 Ext. 22890
Email:
aalmatar@ju.edu.jo or
aalmatar@yahoo.com
Course
Details
Description
It is crucial for chemical engineering students to have a
working knowledge in thermodynamics. This knowledge is critical
for solution of many classes of problems pertinent to applied as
well as research oriented areas. Thermodynamics is important in
solving problems in areas as diverse as power generation,
refrigeration cycles, reaction kinetics, catalysis, biochemical
engineering, polymer production and processing, drug design and
application, separations, semiconductor and advanced materials,
and so forth.
This class will provide the students with an introduction
to solution thermodynamics, and basic thermodynamic tools for
solving many classes of problems. It will also help the students
gain a working knowledge of classical thermodynamics
specifically as it relates to the calculation of thermophysical
properties, phase equilibria, and chemical equilibria for
multicomponent component systems.
Topics Covered
Relationships among thermodynamic properties: equations,
tables, diagrams. Estimation of auxiliary physical properties.
Properties of mixtures and solutions: fugacity of gases and
liquids, ideal and nonideal solutions, activity and standard
states, GibbsDuhem equation. Physical equilibria among phases:
phase rule, vaporliquid equilibria for various systems.
Equilibrium phase diagrams. Chemical reactions equilibria.
Intended learning Outcomes (BYU Based)
After the completion of this course; the students are
expected to have achieved the following learning outcomes (ILOs):
1.
Students will be able to solve steadystate,
overall, material and energy balances for systems which include
one or more of the following: recycle, multiple units, chemical
reactions. Set up and solve simple transient energy balances.
2.
Students will be able to read mixture phase
diagrams (liquidliquid and VLE) and construct mass balances
from them using the lever rule, tie lines, etc.
3.
Students will be able to apply solution
thermodynamics fundamentals to solve VLE, LLE, SLE, and GLE
problems including bubble point, dew point, and flash
calculations.
4.
Students will understand the fundamental
principles of chemical reaction equilibria including extent of
reaction, equilibrium constant and its temperaturedependence,
equilibrium conversion.
5.
Students will be able to use equations of state
and corresponding states correlations in the determination of
properties. Particular emphasis is placed on the PengRobinson
EOS.
6.
Students will understand the fundamental
concepts of solution thermodynamics including chemical
potential, fugacity, activity, partial molar properties, ideal
solutions, and excess properties.
7.
Students will be able to use modern property
databases to assist in problem solving. This includes but not
restricted to process simulators such as HYSYS and Thermosolver
software.
8.
Students will demonstrate an ability to solve
engineering problems.
9.
Students will exhibit critical and creative
thinking skills for analysis and evaluation of problems and
causeeffect relationships.
10.
Students will be able to rationalize units,
make order of magnitude estimates, assess reasonableness of
solutions, and select appropriate levels of solution
sophistication.
11.
Students will understand and have a basic
knowledge of how safety and environmental considerations are
incorporated into engineering problem solving.
12.
Students will demonstrate effective reading of
technical material.
13.
Students will demonstrate effective
interpretation of graphical data.
14.
Students will be able to set up and solve
singlestage flash calculations.
Recommended
references

(Textbook)
Winnick, J., Chemical engineering thermodynamics, John Wiley
and Sons, New York, 1998.

Sandler, S. I., Chemical, biochemical and engineering
thermodynamics, John Wiley and Sons, Fourth Edition, New
York, 2006. (Third edition will suffice.)

Smith,
J. M.; Van Ness, H. C.; and Abbott, N.M., Introduction to
chemical engineering thermodynamics, Sixth Edition,
McGrawHill, New York, 1999. (Any edition will suffice.)

Kortesky, M. D., Engineering and chemical thermodynamics,
John Wiley and Sons, New York, 2004.

Elliott, J. R.; and Lira, C. T., Introductory chemical
engineering thermodynamics, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1999.

Kyle,
G., Chemical and process thermodynamics, Third Edition,
Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1999.

Balzhiser, R. E.; Samuels, M. R.; and Eliassen, J. D.,
Chemical engineering thermodynamics: The study of energy,
entropy, and equilibrium, PrenticeHall, New Jersey, 1972.

Prausnitz, J. M.; Lichtenthaler, R. N.; and Azevedo, E. G,
Molecular thermodynamics of fluid phase equilibria, Third
Edition, PrenticeHall, New Jersey, 1999.

Poling,
B. E.; Prausnitz, J. M.; and O’Connell, J. P., The
Properties of gases and liquids, Fifth Edition, McGrawHill,
New York, 2001.

O’connell, J. P.; and Haile, J. M., Thermodynamics:
fundamentals for applications. Cambridge University Press,
New York, 2005.
Attendance
Policy
Attendance
is required for all lectures. By university policy, attendance
is required, and will be taken.
Exam and
Homework Policy
All
students are required to finish their homework assignments, and
submit them on time. Late homeworks will not be accepted under
any circumstances. Popup quizzes will be given without any prior
notice. You need to come prepared to class. In addition
to the final exam, there will be one midterm exam. These exams
will be challenging and comprehensive. You need to prepare
extensively to perform well. Make up exams will not be allowed
except for excused absences. Make up exams will be held at 9:00
am the day after the scheduled exam.
Assessment
Methods, Grading and Point Distribution
I will try
my best to be as fair as possible when grading quizzes, home
works, and exams. In general, you can expect to obtain partial
credit for a lessthanperfect solution. However, there will be
severe penalties for any of the following sources of incorrect
solution:

Errors
in fundamental concepts,

serious
concept errors in calculus and algebra (math in general),
and

Errors
in dimensional quantities, and unit’s conversions.
Point Distribution
Homework, Quizzes, Class participation and instructor
evaluation 
12 
Midterm (Closed book) 
30 
Project 
8 
Final Exam (Closed book) 
50 
Grade distribution
A 
B^{+} 
B 
C^{+} 
C 
D^{+} 
D 
F 
>85 
80 – 84 
75 – 79 
70 – 74 
65 – 69 
58 – 64 
50 – 57 
<50 
Curving
There will be no "curving" in this course. Students are
NOT competing for grades. It is possible that everyone could
earn an "A", but unfortunately also possible that everyone could
earn an "F".
Regrades
Regrades can be requested within one week of the return
date of the graded assignment. A memo indicating why a regrade
is sought must be attached to the front of the assignment. The
resubmitted document(s) will be regraded in their entirety.
The score on the assignment may increase or decrease.
Thermodynamics of single
component systems 
Week 1 

Review of the first, second, and third laws of
thermodynamics
Balance equations: material, energy and entropy
balances 
Week 2 

Properties of real substances I: ideal gas and EOS
Properties of real substances II: cubic and
generalized EOS
Properties of real substances II: the three step
process
Thermodynamic properties via the PengRobinson EOS 
Week 3 

Stability criteria and conditions for equilibrium
Application of stability and equilibrium criteria to
EOS
Molar Gibbs free energy and fugacity 
Week 4 

Calculation of fugacity via EOS
Calculation of vapor pressure utilizing fugacity
Phase rule and thermodynamic properties of phase
transitions
Review of pure component thermodynamics 
Thermodynamics of
multicomponent systems 
Week 5 

Thermodynamics of multicomponent systems
(Description)
Partial molar quantities & generalized GibbsDuhem
equation
Experimental determination of partial molar
quantities (volume and enthalpy) 
Week 6 

The ideal gas mixture, and the ideal mixture (excess
properties)
Fugacity and partial molar Gibbs free energy of a
component in a mixture 
Week 7 

Fugacity of species in gaseous, liquid, and solid
mixtures 

Introduction to activity coefficient models 
Week 8 

Survey of activity coefficient models (Van Laar,
UNIFAC, NRTL, Wilson etc.)
Combined equations of state – activity coefficient
models. 
Week 9 

Phase diagrams
Bubble point, dew point and flash calculations
Vaporliquid equilibria using activity coefficient
models
Vaporliquid equilibria using equations of state 
Week 10 

Review for midterm exam 
Week 11 

Liquidliquid equilibria using activity coefficient
models (including ternary diagrams and their
interpretation) 
Week 12 

Chemical reaction equilibrium: notation and
definitions 
Week 13 

Chemical reaction equilibrium: calculations for
single phase 
Week 14 

Chemical reaction equilibrium: combined reaction and
phase equilibria 
Week 15 

Presentations, projects overview and critique
Evaluation
Review for the final exam 
Professional Conduct and Formalities 