University of Jordan

Chemical Engineering Department

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University of Jordan

Chemical Engineering Department

Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics (2) – 0905323

                                                                                    

Course Information

Catalogue: ChE 0905323 – Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics (2)

Prerequisites: ChE 0905322 – Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics (1)

Semester: Spring 2008/2009

Lecture: (Section 1) Sun, Tue 09:00-10:00 ChE 103

               (Section 2) Sun, Tue 13:00-14:00 ChE 103

Office hours: Sun, Tue 10:00-12:00 or by appointment.

Course website: http://fetweb.ju.edu.jo/staff/che/aalmatar

Group on yahoo: http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/ChemicalEngineeringJU

Instructor

Name: Dr. Ali Khalaf Al-matar

Office: ChE-307

Tel.: 5355000 Ext. 22890

Email: aalmatar@ju.edu.jo or aalmatar@yahoo.com

Course Details

Description

It is crucial for chemical engineering students to have a working knowledge in thermodynamics. This knowledge is critical for solution of many classes of problems pertinent to applied as well as research oriented areas. Thermodynamics is important in solving problems in areas as diverse as power generation, refrigeration cycles, reaction kinetics, catalysis, biochemical engineering, polymer production and processing, drug design and application, separations, semiconductor and advanced materials, and so forth.

This class will provide the students with an introduction to solution thermodynamics, and basic thermodynamic tools for solving many classes of problems. It will also help the students gain a working knowledge of classical thermodynamics specifically as it relates to the calculation of thermophysical properties, phase equilibria, and chemical equilibria for multicomponent component systems.

Topics Covered

Relationships among thermodynamic properties:  equations, tables, diagrams. Estimation of auxiliary physical properties.  Properties of mixtures and solutions: fugacity of gases and liquids, ideal and non-ideal solutions, activity and standard states, Gibbs-Duhem equation. Physical equilibria among phases: phase rule, vapor-liquid equilibria for various systems. Equilibrium phase diagrams. Chemical reactions equilibria.

Intended learning Outcomes (BYU Based)

After the completion of this course; the students are expected to have achieved the following learning outcomes (ILOs):

1.       Students will be able to solve steady-state, overall, material and energy balances for systems which include one or more of the following: recycle, multiple units, chemical reactions. Set up and solve simple transient energy balances.

2.       Students will be able to read mixture phase diagrams (liquid-liquid and VLE) and construct mass balances from them using the lever rule, tie lines, etc.

3.       Students will be able to apply solution thermodynamics fundamentals to solve VLE, LLE, SLE, and GLE problems including bubble point, dew point, and flash calculations.

4.       Students will understand the fundamental principles of chemical reaction equilibria including extent of reaction, equilibrium constant and its temperature-dependence, equilibrium conversion.

5.       Students will be able to use equations of state and corresponding states correlations in the determination of properties. Particular emphasis is placed on the Peng-Robinson EOS.

6.       Students will understand the fundamental concepts of solution thermodynamics including chemical potential, fugacity, activity, partial molar properties, ideal solutions, and excess properties.

7.       Students will be able to use modern property databases to assist in problem solving. This includes but not restricted to process simulators such as HYSYS and Thermosolver software.

8.       Students will demonstrate an ability to solve engineering problems.

9.       Students will exhibit critical and creative thinking skills for analysis and evaluation of problems and cause-effect relationships.

10.    Students will be able to rationalize units, make order of magnitude estimates, assess reasonableness of solutions, and select appropriate levels of solution sophistication.

11.    Students will understand and have a basic knowledge of how safety and environmental considerations are incorporated into engineering problem solving.

12.    Students will demonstrate effective reading of technical material.

13.    Students will demonstrate effective interpretation of graphical data.

14.    Students will be able to set up and solve single-stage flash calculations.

Recommended references

  1. (Textbook) Winnick, J., Chemical engineering thermodynamics, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1998.
  2. Sandler, S. I., Chemical, biochemical and engineering thermodynamics, John Wiley and Sons, Fourth Edition, New York, 2006. (Third edition will suffice.)
  3. Smith, J. M.; Van Ness, H. C.; and Abbott, N.M., Introduction to chemical engineering thermodynamics, Sixth Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1999. (Any edition will suffice.)
  4. Kortesky, M. D., Engineering and chemical thermodynamics, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 2004.
  5. Elliott, J. R.; and Lira, C. T., Introductory chemical engineering thermodynamics, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1999.
  6. Kyle, G., Chemical and process thermodynamics, Third Edition, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1999.
  7. Balzhiser, R. E.; Samuels, M. R.; and Eliassen, J. D., Chemical engineering thermodynamics: The study of energy, entropy, and equilibrium, Prentice-Hall, New Jersey, 1972.
  8. Prausnitz, J. M.; Lichtenthaler, R. N.; and Azevedo, E. G, Molecular thermodynamics of fluid phase equilibria, Third Edition, Prentice-Hall, New Jersey, 1999.
  9. Poling, B. E.; Prausnitz, J. M.; and O’Connell, J. P., The Properties of gases and liquids, Fifth Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York,  2001.
  10. O’connell, J. P.; and Haile, J. M., Thermodynamics: fundamentals for applications. Cambridge University Press, New York, 2005.

 Attendance Policy

Attendance is required for all lectures. By university policy, attendance is required, and will be taken.

Exam and Homework Policy

All students are required to finish their homework assignments, and submit them on time. Late homeworks will not be accepted under any circumstances. Popup quizzes will be given without any prior notice. You need to come prepared to class. In addition to the final exam, there will be one midterm exam. These exams will be challenging and comprehensive. You need to prepare extensively to perform well. Make up exams will not be allowed except for excused absences. Make up exams will be held at 9:00 am the day after the scheduled exam.

Assessment Methods, Grading and Point Distribution

I will try my best to be as fair as possible when grading quizzes, home works, and exams. In general, you can expect to obtain partial credit for a less-than-perfect solution. However, there will be severe penalties for any of the following sources of incorrect solution:

  • Errors in fundamental concepts,
  • serious concept errors in calculus and algebra (math in general), and
  • Errors in dimensional quantities, and unit’s conversions.

                Point Distribution

Homework, Quizzes, Class participation and instructor evaluation

12

Midterm (Closed book)

30

Project

8

Final Exam (Closed book)

50

Grade distribution

A

B+

B

C+

C

D+

D

F

>85

80 – 84

75 – 79

70 – 74

65 – 69

58 – 64

50 – 57

<50

Curving

There will be no "curving" in this course. Students are NOT competing for grades. It is possible that everyone could earn an "A", but unfortunately also possible that everyone could earn an "F".

                Re-grades

Re-grades can be requested within one week of the return date of the graded assignment.  A memo indicating why a re-grade is sought must be attached to the front of the assignment.  The re-submitted document(s) will be re-graded in their entirety.  The score on the assignment may increase or decrease.

Thermodynamics of single component systems

Week 1

 

Review of the first, second, and third  laws of thermodynamics

Balance equations: material, energy and entropy balances

Week 2

 

Properties of real substances I: ideal gas and EOS

Properties of real substances II: cubic and generalized EOS

Properties of real substances II: the three step process

Thermodynamic properties via the Peng-Robinson EOS

Week 3

 

Stability criteria and conditions for equilibrium

Application of stability and equilibrium criteria to EOS

Molar Gibbs free energy and fugacity

Week 4

 

Calculation of fugacity via EOS

Calculation of vapor pressure utilizing fugacity

Phase rule and thermodynamic properties of phase transitions

Review of pure component thermodynamics

Thermodynamics of multicomponent systems

Week 5

 

Thermodynamics of multicomponent systems (Description)

Partial molar quantities & generalized Gibbs-Duhem equation

Experimental determination of partial molar quantities (volume and enthalpy)

Week 6

 

The ideal gas mixture, and the ideal mixture (excess properties)

Fugacity and partial molar Gibbs free energy of a component in a mixture

Week 7

 

Fugacity of species in gaseous, liquid, and solid mixtures

 

Introduction to activity coefficient models

Week 8

 

Survey of activity coefficient models (Van Laar, UNIFAC, NRTL, Wilson etc.)

Combined equations of state – activity coefficient models.

Week 9

 

Phase diagrams

Bubble point, dew point and flash calculations

Vapor-liquid equilibria using activity coefficient models

Vapor-liquid equilibria using equations of state

Week 10

 

Review for midterm exam

Week 11

 

Liquid-liquid equilibria using activity coefficient models (including ternary diagrams and their interpretation)

Week 12

 

Chemical reaction equilibrium: notation and definitions

Week 13

 

Chemical reaction equilibrium: calculations for single phase

Week 14

 

Chemical reaction equilibrium: combined reaction and phase equilibria

Week 15

 

Presentations, projects overview and critique

Evaluation

Review for the final exam

 

 

Professional Conduct and Formalities

 

Last updated on 02/08/2009 07:05:29 +0200 by Dr. Ali Al-matar